Many biocomputing tools are only accessible and executed from a Unix-like Command Line Interface (CLI). All instructions in EDUCE materials related to CLI assume that you use a particular shell called bash.

Windows 10

Out-of-the-box, Windows 10 does not support Unix-like commands. Fortunately, it is possible to add this functionality by installing “Windows Subsystem for Linux” (WSL), which will allow you to run a Linux distribution (in our case, “Ubuntu”) on top of Windows. You will have to restart your computer as part of the installation, so make sure to save any changes before you continue.


  • First update to the latest version of Windows 10.

  • Go to Microsoft Store Windows Terminal website > click the “Get” button to install the app.

  • Select the Windows Start button > type terminal > choose “Run as administrator” > choose “Yes” in the prompt that opens > enter your administrator password if prompted

  • In the Terminal app, enter the following commands to install WSL and the default Linux Ubuntu distribution

    wsl --install

    and restart your computer. If you encounter any problems, please see the WSL installation troubleshooting guide. If you do not run the latest version of Windows, you will have to install WSL manually.

  • Now, you can start Ubuntu from the Terminal by entering:

  • As a final step, we will update all installed programs of your new Ubuntu installation. In Ubuntu, enter the following commands:

    sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade


To ensure that you are using bash (and not the new macOS default zsh), open the Terminal app and enter the following command after the prompt $:

chsh -s /bin/bash

After the command is finished (i.e. you see the prompt $ and your cursor again), quit and restart the Terminal app.


We will ensure that you are using bash and have a program called curl installed to download files.

  • To switch, open the Terminal app and enter the following command after the prompt $ (all distributions):

    chsh -s /bin/bash
  • Install curl

    For Debian-based distributions (e.g. Ubuntu, Linux Mint):

    sudo apt update && sudo apt install curl

    For RPM-based distributions (e.g. Fedora, CentOS):

    sudo yum update && sudo yum install curl